Wednesday, July 22, 2009

'You Are Forgotten,' Claims a Veteran of the 79,200 MIAs of WWII

/PRNewswire/ -- Leon Cooper, a WWII Naval officer who took part in six battles during his three years in the Pacific, says the above headline is America's Shame. According to the Department of Defense, there are currently 88,000 missing and unknown American military dead from WWII, Korea and Vietnam, with 90% from WWII, 8% from Korea and 2% from Vietnam.

Sadly, each year the Military recovers the remains of only 25 dead per year from all three wars combined. The Department of Defense estimates that 24,000-35,000 are still "recoverable," so it is idle to speculate when, if ever, the job will be finished.

The Department's policy, such as it is, gives priority to the recovery of the dead from the most recent wars. Thus, those killed in Iraq and Afghanistan are repatriated first. According to Leon Cooper, "All wars prior to Vietnam are considered 'Ancient Wars,' in the Department's arcane classification system. It is contemptible to treat the recoverable dead of WWII as if they were fossilized remains."

The Defense Prisoner of War/Missing Personnel Office (DPMO) is the organization in the Department of Defense that is in charge of the recovery program, with the actual recovery and identification conducted by Joint Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Account Command (JPAC).

Cooper's new award-winning documentary, "Return to Tarawa: The Leon Cooper Story", narrated by acclaimed actor Ed Harris, and recently shown on the Military Channel, Hulu and SnagFilms, offers proof that the remains of more than one hundred Americans still lie in unmarked graves in Betio, the island where the battle of "Bloody Tarawa" was fought in 1943. One of the unrecovered casualties was Lt. Bonnyman, a Congressional Medal of Honor winner.

Cooper produced his film because he grew tired of urging the "usual suspects" in Washington to take necessary action in Tarawa. Typical of the government's seeming indifference to the recovery of the dead of WWII, Cooper points to a 1946 US Army report of the "Graves Registration Company" which claimed that "only 49% of the bodies said to be interred in the Tarawa atoll were actually located ... (while admitting) ... that there were said to be more remains present in Tarawa, but they were impossible to locate because the burial places were not marked in any way." The government has done nothing since.

Tarawa was Cooper's first battle experience. He was a Navy landing craft officer taking assault troops to the beaches of that Japanese island stronghold. The film offers a window of those three days of savagery - during which more than 6,000 men were killed. The film shows the aftermath of the battle and explains what Cooper wants the government to do about the remains of the American dead, the garbage on Red Beach and the live ammunition scattered among the relics of that ancient battle.

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Tuesday, July 21, 2009

Pre-chewed Food Could Transmit HIV

RJ Note: When I first saw the title of the article, my first thought was "You've got to be kidding." Read on. They aren't kidding. Of course, my second thought was, "Eeeeewwwwww." So for all of you who expect pre chewed food, just stop it. The life you save may be your own.

/PRNewswire/ -- Researchers have uncovered the first cases in which HIV almost certainly was transmitted from mothers other caregivers to children through pre-chewed food. The source of HIV in the pre-chewed food was most likely the infected blood in the saliva of the people who pre-chewed the food before giving it to the children. The researchers said their findings suggest that HIV-infected mothers or other caregivers should be warned against giving infants pre-chewed food and directed toward safer feeding options.

The cases indicate that physicians and clinics should routinely include questions about pre-chewing food in their health screening of infant caregivers who have HIV or are suspected of the infection. Also, possible cases of HIV transmission through pre-chewed food should be reported to public health agencies to help increase understanding of the prevalence of such transmission.

Led by Aditya Gaur, M.D., of St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, with colleagues from St. Jude (Marion Donohoe, CPNP), the University of Miami (Charles Mitchell, M.D., and Delia Rivera, M.D.) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Kenneth Dominguez, M.D., Marcia Kalish, Ph.D., and John Brooks, M.D.), the researchers published their findings in the August 2009 issue of the journal Pediatrics. Gaur is an assistant member of the St. Jude Infectious Diseases department.

Giving infants pre-chewed food has been reported to transmit infections such as streptococcus and the hepatitis B virus, Gaur said. However, until these cases there was no evidence that the blood-borne HIV could be similarly transmitted. The source of blood in the saliva of the person pre-chewing the food for the child may likely have been visible or microscopic bleeding from the gums or some other part of the mouth, he added.

In their paper, the researchers described three cases in which pre-chewed food was likely the source of HIV transmission to infants.

The case that led to this published report was a 9-month-old infant who was referred to St. Jude because she was HIV positive after earlier tests had been negative.

"Her HIV-positive mother had not breastfed her, and further investigation had ruled out transmission by blood transfusion, injury or sexual abuse," Gaur said. Also, genetic testing, led by Kalish at the CDC, showed that the daughter had been infected with the same HIV strain as the mother.

"Fortunately, the St. Jude nurse practitioner, Marion Donohoe, was very thorough in her questioning about feeding practices, and she asked about pre-mastication. It turned out this mother had fed her daughter pre-chewed food," Gaur said.

When Gaur contacted Dominguez at the CDC about the possible case of transmission via pre-chewed food, the center alerted him to two similar cases previously reported by senior author Mitchell and colleague Rivera from the University of Miami. Those cases were not reported to the public at the time because of the lack of sufficient evidence of transmission via pre-chewed food. One case involved pre-chewing by an HIV-infected mother, and the other an HIV-infected aunt who was the caregiver.

Gaur said that information in the three cases suggests that one factor aiding such transmission was mouth bleeding in the caregiver, as well as in the infant due to teething or infection. He also said caregivers' lack of adherence to their own drug-treatment regimens probably increased their blood HIV levels, increasing the likelihood of transmission.

"These three cases are persuasive enough that they justify cautioning HIV-positive caregivers against giving infants pre-chewed foods," Gaur said. "Also, we hope increased awareness of this possible mode of transmission will bring more cases to light and more thorough studies, which can either substantiate or refute this transmission route." Also important, Gaur said, will be the results of surveys now being conducted in collaboration with other research groups in the United States and abroad to determine the extent of infant feeding using pre-chewed food.

The findings do not warrant a blanket recommendation against pre-chewed food for infants, the researchers emphasized. The practice, which has been reported from many parts of the world including the United States may be integral to providing adequate infant nutrition and grounded in culture and tradition. On a global level, educating HIV-positive caregivers will require cognizance of culturally sensitive issues and potential nutritional consequences linked to pre-chewing, the investigators said. The findings also do not imply that HIV can be transmitted through saliva during oral contact such as kissing. In the cases the researchers studied, HIV transmission was likely enabled by bleeding gums or open mouth sores.

"Importantly, this report does not challenge the accepted belief that saliva does not carry HIV and that transmission does not occur in kissing," Gaur said. "The exception is that transmission can occur when the people involved have damaged mucosa in their mouths, and blood is mixed with the saliva."

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Monday, July 20, 2009

Voter Turnout Increases by 5 Million in 2008 Presidential Election, U.S. Census Bureau Reports

RJ Note: Nice to know more people were interested in the last election. Will the next election bring voters out who are interested in the candidates' politics, deeds and words?

/PRNewswire/ -- About 131 million people reported voting in the 2008 U.S. presidential election, an increase of 5 million from 2004, according to a new table package released today by the U.S. Census Bureau. The increase included about 2 million more black voters, 2 million more Hispanic voters and about 600,000 more Asian voters, while the number of non-Hispanic white voters remained statistically unchanged.

Additionally, voters 18 to 24 were the only age group to show a statistically significant increase in turnout, reaching 49 percent in 2008 compared with 47 percent in 2004. Blacks had the highest turnout rate among 18- to 24-year-old voters -- 55 percent, an 8 percent increase from 2004. The increased turnout among certain demographic groups was offset by stagnant or decreased turnout among other groups, causing overall 2008 voter turnout to remain statistically unchanged -- at 64 percent -- from 2004.

"The 2008 presidential election saw a significant increase in voter turnout among young people, blacks and Hispanics," said Thom File, a voting analyst with the Census Bureau's Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division. "But as turnout among some other demographic groups either decreased or remained unchanged, the overall 2008 voter turnout rate was not statistically different from 2004."

The table package released today, Voting and Registration in the Election of 2008, examines the levels of voting and registration in the November 2008 presidential election, the demographic characteristics of citizens who reported that they were registered for or voted in the election, and the reasons why registered voters did not vote.

Although the youngest voters were the only age group to show a statistically significant increase in turnout, voting did tend to increase with age. In 2008, younger citizens (18-24) had the lowest voting rate (49 percent), while citizens who fell into older age groups (45-64 and 65-plus) had the highest voting rates (69 percent and 70 percent, respectively).

Looking at voter turnout by race and Hispanic origin, non-Hispanic whites (66 percent) and blacks (65 percent) had the highest levels in the November 2008 election. Voting rates for Asians and Hispanics were not statistically different from one another at about 49 percent.

Relative to the presidential election of 2004, the voting rates for blacks, Asians and Hispanics each increased by about 4 percentage points. The voting rate for non-Hispanic whites decreased by 1 percentage point.

The voting rate was highest in the Midwest (66 percent), while the rates in the West, Northeast and South were about 63 percent each.

Among states, voting rates varied widely. Among states and state-equivalents with the highest voter turnout were Minnesota and the District of Columbia, each with voting rates of about 75 percent. Hawaii and Utah were among the states with the lowest turnouts, each with approximately 52 percent.

By sex, women had a higher voting rate (66 percent) than males (62 percent). Neither was statistically different from 2004.

The overall voting age (18 and older) citizen population in the United States in 2008 was

206 million compared with 197 million in 2004. Of that total, 146 million, or 71 percent, reported being registered to vote. That's slightly lower than the 72 percent who reported being registered to vote in the 2004 presidential election, but does represent an increase of approximately 4 million registered voters. The percentage of those registered to vote that actually did so was slightly higher in the 2008 election (90 percent) than in 2004 (89 percent).

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Thursday, July 16, 2009

Doctors Join Patients to Protest at Health Care Freedom Tea Parties July 17; Thousands Join in Nationwide Event

RJ Note: Everyday it seems as if more Americans are speaking out and saying "no" to government health care. Will Congress listen to Americans? Be sure to let your representatives know your thoughts on the subject.

/PRNewswire/ -- "We'll quit before we practice government medicine" will be the message of thousands of doctors at Health Care Freedom Tea Parties on July 17.

The Association of American Physicians and Surgeons is joining the Tea Party Patriots to co-sponsor the protests at the local home office of each Congressman and Senator to make it absolutely clear that doctors and patients oppose government run medicine.

Taxpayers will gather simultaneously across the country from Noon to 1:00 PM Eastern / 9:00 to 10:00 AM Pacific.

The "Take Back Medicine" petition will also be circulated for doctors to sign. Thousands have already signed on to this message to the President and Congress, which begins:

"Physicians can no longer allow medical care in this country to be controlled by government and insurance companies.

"Current reform options purport be "cure-alls" for every American. But we know that every patient is different, and just like patients, there is no single big-government solution to change health care in this country. . .."

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Wednesday, July 15, 2009


I wanted to share a video with you, but they've disabled embedding. Here's a link: I just love listening to this version to cleanse my musical palette so to speak. The guys voices work so well together (except on the very last note).

Monday, July 13, 2009

Why we long to look and look too long

A 19th-century etiquette guide had this to say to readers about staring: “It is a mark of ill-breeding, and rightly gives offense.” The history of staring is, in fact, filled with such admonitions and cautionary tales, from the myth of Medusa, who turned men to stone with her stare, to the yanking away of bug-eyed children by their mortified mothers.

“We stare at what interests us. We stare to make the unknown known, to make sense of the unexpected,” says Professor of Women’s Studies Rosemarie Garland-Thomson, a cultural critic and pioneering researcher in disability studies whose recently released book “Staring: How We Look” explores the myriad causes of gaping, gawking and prolonged gazing.

She analyzes the interaction of the starer and the “staree” – a term Garland-Thomson coined.

Beginning with why we stare (it’s a response to novelty, which captures our attention and arouses our interest, as well as prompting a dopamine rush) and the fact that staring is universal, crossing cultures, countries and centuries, Garland-Thomson moves into the experience of staring, the various types of staring and the ethics of staring.

“Because we both crave and dread unpredictable sights, staring encounters are fraught with anxious contradiction,” she writes.

Each of us has had the experience of being both a starer and a staree. Staring can be a show of dominance, a sign of flirtation, or an instinctual reaction to a sight that is shocking, frightening, confusing or unexpected.

For people who are visually different — such as Garland-Thomson herself, who was born with a congenitally amputated arm — the fact that they frequently will experience being a staree is a given: especially if their disability affects a body site that “inherently draws more attention” because it carries significant cultural meaning, such as faces, hands, breasts or being of greater or lesser size than average.

“Staring is a natural impulse but often a social blunder,” she says.

The staree, however, is not powerless in the staring interaction, posits Garland-Thomson. Many of the “starable” people she interviewed and included in the book have devised ways to command control of the staring encounter. For example, Kevin Connolly, who was born legless, became a traveling documentary photographer, taking photos of people’s reactions when they saw him.

The staring may even culminate in a conversation in which the staree tells the starer how they came to be different, turning the stare into an opportunity for education or for turning sympathy to empathy, especially activism.

Children whose arms had been amputated by machete in the Sierra Leone civil war, for instance, became potent living symbols of the war’s brutality, inspiring the various factions to work together and raising charitable funds around the world. Models who have undergone mastectomies due to breast cancer have posed topless on magazine covers, daring viewers not to look away from their scar.

And the last step, she says, depends on the starers’ receptiveness. “If their visual politics of deliberately structured self-disclosure succeeds, it can create a sense of obligation that primes people to act in new ways: to vote differently, to spend money differently, to build the world differently, to treat people differently and to look at people differently.”

From Emory Report

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Saturday, July 11, 2009

Headwind for Trade Liberalization, How to Cope With Re-emerging Trade Protectionism?

RJ Note: Interesting article. Countries appear to be using global issues such as technology, security and health to increase trade barriers with other countries. Is this a case of do as I say and not as I do?

/PRNewswire/ -- In response to the financial crisis, which is accompanied by the epidemic of H1N1 and the introduction of economic stimulus plans by countries, the trade protectionism is re-emerging. Governments are using covert measures to raise trade barriers under the name of technology, security, environmental protection and etc., in hopes of protecting their own economies directly.

The World Trade Organization (WTO) said on July 1st that in the past few months there had been further slippage towards trade protectionism, and as a result, the global trade volume will likely fall 10% this year. According to WTO, in the past three months, a total of 83 measures restricting trade have been set out by 24 countries, not accounting for measures restricting pork imports taken by 39 countries after the outbreak of the H1N1 flu.

At the Global Think Tank Summit held in Beijing on July 4th, trade protectionism was a hot topic. Participants included think tanks, high-level politicians, Nobel Laureates, CEOs from the global Top 500 enterprises. They proposed initiatives against trade protections, and contributed their ideas on trade liberalization facilitation. "Markets in various countries should integrate regionally and on a global scale; shared policies between countries should also be built so as to avoid trade protectionism," said Romano Prodi, former President of the European Commission and former Prime Minister of Italy.

On the summit, leaders of Chambers of Commerce from China, Japan, Korea, EU and other countries and regions collectively launched a "Beijing Initiative," calling for policy-makers from the world's biggest economies to enhance global cooperation, maintain an open economic system in combating the financial crisis, act against trade and investment protectionism for achieving common development, and restore confidence in fueling economic growth. points out that, trade protectionism goes against the laws of market economy. It might bring in benefits in the short-term for countries and regions resorting to them, yet it will do harm to that economy and the rest of the world in the long-run. believes that it is not enough to contain trade protectionism through mere consultation and negotiation by governments and international organizations. It is quite possible that countries enforce these protections secretly while shouting their objections.

Technology is a powerful tool in combating trade protectionism. The "Fair N Fair" 3D Virtual Expo platform, developed by, is guided by "globalization" and "Trade liberalization." With the "e-commerce matrix " and "3-dimensional e-commerce" concepts as its framework, it is integrating global high-end enterprises into a virtual, liberalized trade arena, which transcends trade barriers in the real world and generates real transactions as the efficiency multiplier for global enterprises in their trade activities. Companies entering "Fair N Fair" becomes the smallest and most flexible molecule, capitalizing on the huge global industrial network and leading trade tools offered by "Fair N Fair," to explore the global market.

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Wednesday, July 8, 2009

Six Ways to Fix the American Healthcare System

(BUSINESS WIRE)--The fever for healthcare reform is running high in Washington, D.C., and politicians are lining up on both sides to offer “treatment plans,” says Samuel H. Fleet, president of AmWINS Group Benefits. He adds, “But policy makers are missing many of the key opportunities to address what is really broken about the system.”

Today, Fleet released a healthcare reform position paper, “The Six Ways to Fix Our Healthcare System,”, which chronicles the main issues that should be clearly addressed for healthcare reform to truly make a difference.

Summary includes:

1. Restore Competition in the Marketplace

The four largest carriers in the country have 99% of providers in the network and in most states, the #1 carrier has 60-70% market share. Fleet comments that “in any other industry, this would raise antitrust issues, but for healthcare, no one seems concerned.” His solutions – break up the BUCA monopoly (Blue Cross Blue Shield, United Healthcare, CIGNA and Aetna) and restore competition to the marketplace.

2. Enable the American Consumer to Become an Astute Buyer of Quality Healthcare

Fleet insists that the key to cost control is to bring transparency to pricing. For example, a California patient who needs a chest X-ray is charged anywhere from $120 to $1,519; in fact within a few blocks in Sacramento the price climbs from $451 to $790 from one hospital to the next. The solution – every provider must disclose the net prices that they charge and consumers need to know how to find high-quality care.

3. Eliminate Hidden Revenue Streams

Fleet says to do away with fragmentation in the healthcare delivery system, and instead, all Pharmacy Benefit Managers must fully disclose all sources of revenue or profit, block doctors from owning the diagnostic machines they refer their patients to, ban trips, money and other incentives from drug companies to doctors and force hospitals to disclose profitability and markup to implant devices.

4. Our Health – NOT Healthcare – Crisis

“The nation is hysterical over 18,000 cases of Swine Flu, yet we have 100 million obese people in this country,” said Fleet. He contends that the current administration should create an aggressive public campaign to promote a healthy lifestyle, restore funding for physical education in schools, as well as institute the use of prevention-based healthcare.

5. Facilitate Administrative Efficiency

Real savings can be realized by ensuring that the government define a standard for claims submissions between providers and payors, drive a set of rules for dealing with pended claims that makes sense, among others.

6. Protect the Risk Pool

Finally, Fleet insists that the only way to make universal coverage work is to make sure it’s universal. The first step – mandate that all employers offer insurance or force them to contribute to a government fund. In addition, Fleet asserts that, “we need to limit coverage to basic minimums set nationally,” and to ensure that everyone can afford coverage, we should require carriers to pool risk above a certain amount per claimant.

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Friday, July 3, 2009

In case you're wondering why you can't buy something on-line at the moment... down...

What a mess... I design websites, have a number of them with shopping carts. Every host I use has a big notice indicating that is down. Gather there was a fire, which, combined with holiday weekend, has had them down for 5 or more hours.

That means nobody who goes through is selling I'd "assume". I didn't realize how many companies depended on one cog in the buying wheel. I use multiple hosts, turns out all of them use

Here's the message on one of my hosting sites:

According to "a 'perfect storm' was created by the combination of a data center fire and the July 4 weekend holiday, resulting the company going completely dark for more than five hours and counting. The company's phone lines and this website remains offline as of this writing."

Here's one from another:

", our credit card processing provider for our e-commerce products, has reported an outage at their data center. At this point, we do not have an ETA for resolution, however, they are working diligently to get their systems online as quickly as possible. During this time, customers using PowerPay may not be able to authorize their purchases. We will provide updates as they become available."

Just what we need in this down economy... I doubt is worried about anything other than their reputation and ability to get back to working order though. Really feel for them as well as every company depending on them to sell.

Thursday, July 2, 2009

State Preambles

Notice any similarities in the following? I added some links on a few, just wanted to verify that these were accurate before passing them along.

Alabama 1901, Preamble
We the people of the State of Alabama , invoking the favor and guidance of Almighty God, do ordain and establish the following Constitution.. (

Alaska 1956, Preamble We, the people of Alaska , grateful to God and to those who founded our nation and pioneered this great land. (

Arizona 1911, Preamble We, the people of the State of Arizona , grateful to Almighty God for our liberties, do ordain this Constitution...

Arkansas 1874, Preamble We, the people of the State of Arkansas , grateful to Almighty God for the privilege of choosing our own form of government...

California 1879, Preamble We, the People of the State of California , grateful to Almighty God for our freedom...

Colorado 1876, Preamble We, the people of Colorado , with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler of Universe...

Connecticut 1818, Preamble. The People of Connecticut, acknowledging with gratitude the good Providence of God in permitting them to enjoy.

Delaware 1897, Preamble Through Divine Goodness all men have, by nature, the rights of worshipping and serving their Creator according to the dictates of their consciences...

Florida 1885, Preamble We, the people of the State of Florida , grateful to Almighty God for our constitutional liberty, establish this Constitution...

Georgia 1777, Preamble We, the people of Georgia , relying upon protection and guidance of Almighty God, do ordain and establish this Constitution...

Hawaii 1959, Preamble We , the people of Hawaii , Grateful for Divine Guidance ... Establish this Constitution. (

Idaho 1889, Preamble We, the people of the State of Idaho , grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, to secure its blessings.

Illinois 1870, Preamble We, the people of the State of Illinois, grateful to Almighty God for the civil , political and religious liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy and looking to Him for a blessing on our endeavors. (

Indiana 1851, Preamble We, the People of the State of Indiana , grateful to Almighty God for the free exercise of the right to choose our form of government.

Iowa 1857, Preamble We, the People of the St ate of Iowa , grateful to the Supreme Being for the blessings hitherto enjoyed, and feeling our dependence on Him for a continuation of these blessings, establish this Constitution.

Kansas 1859, Preamble We, the people of Kansas , grateful to Almighty God for our civil and religious privileges establish this Constitution.

Kentucky 1891, Preamble.. We, the people of the Commonwealth are grateful to Almighty God for the civil, political and religious liberties..

Louisiana 1921, Preamble We, the people of the State of Louisiana , grateful to Almighty God for the civil, political and religious liberties we enjoy.

Maine 1820, Preamble We the People of Maine acknowledging with grateful hearts the goodness of the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe in affording us an opportunity .. And imploring His aid and direction.

Maryland 1776, Preamble We, the people of the state of Maryland , grateful to Almighty God for our civil and religious liberty...

Massachusetts 1780, Preamble We...the people of Massachusetts, acknowledging with grateful hearts, the goodness of the Great Legislator of the Universe In the course of His Providence, an opportunity and devoutly imploring His direction

Michigan 1908, Preamble. We, the people of the State of Michigan , grateful to Almighty God for the blessings of freedom, establish this Constitution.

Minnesota, 1857, Preamble We, the people of the State of Minnesota, grateful to God for our civil and religious liberty, and desiring to perpetuate its blessings: (

Mississippi 1890, Preamble We, the people of Mississippi in convention assembled, grateful to Almighty God, and invoking His blessing on our work.

Missouri 1845, Preamble We, the people of Missouri , with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, and grateful for His goodness . Establish this Constitution...

Montana 1889, Preamble. We, the people of Montana , grateful to Almighty God for the blessings of liberty establish this Constitution ...

Nebraska 1875, Preamble We, the people, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom . Establish this Constitution.

Nevada 1864, Preamble We the people of the State of Nevada , grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, establish this Constitution...

New Hampshire 1792, Part I. Art. I. Sec. V Every individual has a natural and unalienable right to worship God according to the dictates of his own conscience.

New Jersey 1844, Preamble We, the people of the State of New Jersey, grateful to Almighty God for civil and religious liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him for a blessing on our endeavors.

New Mexico 1911, Preamble We, the People of New Mexico, grateful to Almighty God for the blessings of liberty..

New York 1846, Preamble We, the people of the State of New York, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, in order to secure its blessings.

North Carolina 1868, Preamble We the people of the State of North Carolina, grateful to Almighty God, the Sovereign Ruler of Nations, for our civil, political, and religious liberties, and acknowledging our dependence upon Him for the continuance of those...

North Dakota 1889, Preamble We , the people of North Dakota, grateful to Almighty God for the blessings of civil and religious liberty, do ordain...

Ohio 1852, Preamble We the people of the state of Ohio, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, to secure its blessings and to promote our common.

Oklahoma 1907, Preamble Invoking the guidance of Almighty God, in order to secure and perpetuate the blessings of liberty, establish this

Oregon 1857, Bill of Rights, Article I Section 2. All men shall be secure in the Natural right, to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their consciences

Pennsylvania 1776, Preamble We, the people of Pennsylvania, grateful to Almighty God for the blessings of civil and religious liberty, and humbly invoking His guidance....

Rhode Island 1842, Preamble. We the People of the State of Rhode Island grateful to Almighty God for the civil and religious liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him for a blessing...

South Carolina, 1778, Preamble We, the people of he State of South Carolina grateful to God for our liberties, do ordain and establish this Constitution.

South Dakota 1889, Preamble We, the people of South Dakota, grateful to Almighty God for our civil and religious liberties ...

Tennessee 1796, Art. XI..III. That all men have a natural and indefeasible right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their conscience...

Texas 1845, Preamble We the People of the Republic of Texas, acknowledging, with gratitude, the grace and beneficence of God.

Utah 1896, Preamble Grateful to Almighty God for life and liberty, we establish this Constitution.

Vermont 1777, Preamble Whereas all government ought to enable the individuals who compose it to enjoy their natural rights, and other blessings which the Author of Existence has bestowed on man ...

Virginia 1776, Bill of Rights, XVI Religion, or the Duty which we owe our Creator can be directed only by Reason and that it is the mutual duty of all to practice Christian Forbearance, Love and Charity towards each other

Washington 1889, Preamble We the People of the State of Washington, grateful to the Supreme Ruler of the Universe for our liberties, do ordain this Constitution

West Virginia 1872, Preamble Since through Divine Providence we enjoy the blessings of civil, political and religious liberty, we, the people of West Virginia reaffirm our faith in and constant reliance upon God ...

Wisconsin 1848, Preamble We, the people of Wisconsin, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, domestic tranquility...

Wyoming 1890, Preamble We, the people of the State of Wyoming, grateful to God for our civil, political, and religious liberties, establish this Constitution...

Governor Mark Sanford's Argentinian Affair Sparks New Business for South Carolina

RJ Note: What a great play on words! Applachain Trail or Argentina Tail! Good that a non profit will use the revunues from these t-shirts for the Applachain Trail.

/PRNewswire/ -- South Carolina Governor, Mark Sanford, is known for supporting industry in his home state, but his recent behavior has sparked a peculiar business idea called Argentina Tail. For many, the Appalachian Trail is a sacred rite of passage, which Sanford used as an excuse after "borrowing" State money to sneak away to Argentina. Argentina Tail is an initiative to increase the state's business revenue and protect a national treasure while humorously pointing out the difference between trekking The Appalachian Trail and tapping Argentina tail.

Argentina Tail is a "play-on-words" as well as a T-shirt company that has dedicated over 15% of its sales to preserving the Appalachian Trail. Proceeds will go to The Appalachian Trail Conservancy, a volunteer-based organization dedicated to the preservation and management of the natural, scenic, historic, and cultural resources associated with the trail.

Founder of Argentina Tail states, "I really like Mark Sanford. It's not that we are judging the guy, but like everyone else, his actions have consequences. Why not use a negative situation for a good cause?" One of those consequences is a head on collision with the South's infamous sense of humor.

"We think it's pretty funny and we get to use the opportunity to help a non-profit that does great work. I guess time will tell if it really is funny." One thing is for sure, Argentina tail has generated much more interest in Sanford's political memoirs and now he has the t-shirt to prove it.

Argentina Tail t-shirts can be purchased at and for $15.00 with free shipping along with music that will also contribute $1 for every CD sold to The Appalachian Trail Conservancy.

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